Edited by Kleio Akrivou and Alejo José G Sison
Chapter 3: The civilization of commerce in the Middle Ages
This chapter discusses the influence of the Dominican and Franciscan religious orders on the formation of commercial society in late medieval and early renaissance Italy. Focusing on the relation between the fundamental thrust of the philosophical theologies developed by a variety of scholastic authors, as well as the ethical thought that developed on the basis of their philosophies, the chapter claims the critical influence of these authors on the preachers of their orders and, through these preachers, on the vision of civic life operating in the Italian communes of the period. The daily commercial life of the laity was incorporated into a broader conception of Christian civilization and Christian virtue that was fundamental to the social values that gave enormous impetus and form to the social figure of the merchant.
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