Economic Behavior, Economic Freedom, and Entrepreneurship
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Economic Behavior, Economic Freedom, and Entrepreneurship

Edited by Richard J. Cebula, Joshua Hall, Franklin G. Mixon Jr and James E. Payne

Expert editors add to an important field of research, the economics of entrepreneurship, and explore how institutions influence entrepreneurial behavior. This book provides comprehensive and contemporary insights into the interaction between economic behavior of firms and households, economic freedom, and entrepreneurship, and how it generates an environment with greater opportunities for growth and development for individuals, households, and private-sector firms.
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Chapter 16: Destructive and productive entrepreneurship: an analysis of international panel data

Nathan J. Ashby


This study looks at the effect of institutional quality on new business activity and organized crime. Building on the work of Baumol on productive versus unproductive entrepreneurship, I consider criminal activity as a form of unproductive entrepreneurship. The empirical analysis utilizes unbalanced international panel data of up to 75 countries between 2002 and 2012. The empirical results suggest a positive relationship between institutional quality and new business formation and a negative relationship between institutional quality and criminal activity and rent seeking. I conclude the chapter by discussing the complexity of the relationship between different forms of entrepreneurship that must be considered in future studies investigating this issue.

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