Chapter 2: Why responsible innovation?
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This overview chapter identifies the following deficits of the research and innovation system: existing market failure to deliver on societally desirable innovation outcomes; lack of open research and scholarship; and lack of normative design of technologies and foresight. Together these deficits form the basis for a plea for responsible innovation to be embedded in public policy. The deficits described are derived from the exclusive focus on risk and safety issues as state responsibility, the lack of any public governance of outcomes of research and innovation, and the non-alignment of public values under public research and innovation policies that overemphasize the macroeconomic benefits of innovation.

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