Chapter 28: Chinese perspectives on responsible innovation
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As a policy concept and practice emerging from Europe and the US, responsible innovation (RI) is a new idea within the Chinese context. Although it has started to appear more frequently in academic literature, RI has yet to become an influential discourse in the policy-making process or in public debate in China. However, the ground with certain nutritional elements for RI to seed and grow in China does exist. In recent years, RI has been nurtured by a variety of precursory theories and exercises, such as constructive, participatory and real-time technology assessment, ethical, legal and social implications/ethical, legal and social aspects (ELSI/ELSA) research into new and emerging technologies, public engagement and governance of science and technology, risk management and open innovation. In this chapter, we first provide a brief historical overview of the institutional environment of Chinese science, technology and innovation. Then we depict the main actors in promoting RI in China. Finally, we discuss the challenges of RI in China.

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