Research Handbook of International and Comparative Perspectives on Diversity Management
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Research Handbook of International and Comparative Perspectives on Diversity Management

Edited by Alain Klarsfeld, Eddy S. Ng, Lize A.E. Booysen, Liza Castro Christiansen and Bård Kuvaas

This Research Handbook offers, for the first time, a comparative approach to current diversity management concerns facing nations. Spanning 19 countries and across Africa, it covers age, gender, ethnicity, disability, sexual orientation, national origin and the intersection of various dimensions of diversity. The multicultural and multi-country teams of contributors, leading scholars in their own countries, examine how the various actors react, adopt and manage the different dimensions of diversity, from a multitude of approaches, from national to sectoral and from tribes to trade unions, but always with a comparative, multi-country perspective.
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Chapter 2: Diversity management in Denmark and France: a comparative approach

Sabine Bacouël-Jentjens and Liza Castro Christiansen


Adopting a two-level framework of diversity management analysis, we show how the concept of diversity management and its corresponding policies and practices differ in diverse country-specific environments, namely Denmark and France. We refer in this exploratory study in a Danish and a French company to two interrelated levels: macro-social and meso-organizational. By examining the field of diversity management as a multilayered phenomenon, we offer empirical insights into how distinct diversity discourses can develop in different national settings, and in which ways macro-level discourses may influence meso-level perceptions of diversity and practices of diversity management. We show that diversity discourses from the macro level help explain whether companies adopt a rights-based approach of equal opportunities to diversity management aimed at reducing discrimination and group-based disadvantages or a mainstream approach with emphasis on the “business case,” focusing on performance-related outcomes of diversity.

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