Edited by John R. Bryson, Lauren Andres and Rachel Mulhall
Chapter 5: Global production networks and regeneration economies
This chapter explores global production networks (GPN) as a firm-centric and geographically-attuned heuristic framework for examining how firm and non-firm actors influence the products and services produced and distributed across space. It highlights the spatial asymmetrical capture of value-added in different manufacturing activities controlled by various transnational corporations and their sub-contractors, hence, the subsequent spatial inequality in regional development. In spite of its usefulness in explaining inequality in regional development, there are blind spots in the GPN framework, from manufacturing and economic-centric aspects (not paying enough attention to the importance of services and logistics, or the social and environmental aspect of upgrading) to an over-reliance on micro-scale case studies. The recent introduction of GPN 2.0 arguably provides better guidance for researchers on how the GPN framework operates and assists with charting the possible trajectories of value capture, enhancement and retention in regeneration economies.
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