Edited by Philippe Bourbeau
This chapter explores the linkages between migration and security through the lens of resilience. The rise in the number of people displaced by conflict has resulted in the expansion and transformation of refugee settlements across the globe. To the extent that these sites are the objects of sustained securitization interventions by multilateral, national and local actors, they are receiving increased attention on the global security agenda. The existence and operations of refugee camps and other spaces of “temporary” settlement both channel the resilience of displaced peoples as well as call into question the longer-term stability of the regions in which they are located. These sites can be construed as forms of both positive and negative resilience, since they provide protection and reduce vulnerabilities, while simultaneously acting as amplifiers of social unrest, exclusion and inequalities. This chapter assesses the multiple scales at which risks and securitization strategies – ranging from global security risks, to challenges to national sovereignty, to a range of (in)securities occurring at the urban and neighborhood scales – unfold in such contexts. Empirical evidence will be drawn from the Middle East, particularly the case of Syrian refugees in Lebanon, and will focus on the inter-connectedness of causalities between scales.
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