Commercial Uses of Space and Space Tourism
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Commercial Uses of Space and Space Tourism

Legal and Policy Aspects

Edited by Jan Wouters, Philip De Man and Rik Hansen

Commercial Uses of Space and Space Tourism combines the perspectives of academics, policy makers and major industry players around three central themes connected to commercial spacefaring: the international legal challenges posed by the dramatic changes to the spacefaring landscape through privatisation and commercialisation; the corresponding legal and regulatory responses to these challenges at the national level; and related topical questions of global space governance.
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Chapter 10: Establishing a regulatory framework for the development and operation of sub-orbital and orbital aircraft in the EU: the role of the EASA

Jean-Bruno Marciacq

Abstract

This chapter discusses the role of the European Aviation Safety Agency, established in 2002 pursuant to a provision in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, in regulating sub-orbital and orbital aircraft (SOA) airworthiness, their crew, operations, insertion into the traffic and utilisation of aerodromes. In particular, this chapter intends to update the approach initially proposed at the 3rd International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety conference and complemented at the 61st International Astronautical Congress. The chapter seeks to incorporate sub-orbital and orbital aircraft into the EU regulatory system and to establish a consistent regulatory framework allowing safe and environmentally controlled operations of SOA in Europe. In addition to this update, a discussion on why SOA are indeed aircraft and not rockets is attached as an appendix to the chapter. Keywords: sub-orbital and orbital aircraft; European Union; European Aviation Safety Agency; aircraft definition

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