Corruption, Natural Resources and Development
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Corruption, Natural Resources and Development

From Resource Curse to Political Ecology

Edited by Aled Williams and Philippe Le Billon

This book provides a fresh and extensive discussion of corruption issues in natural resources sectors. Reflecting on recent debates in corruption research and revisiting resource curse challenges in light of political ecology approaches, this volume provides a series of nuanced and policy-relevant case studies analyzing patterns of corruption around natural resources and options to reach anti-corruption goals. The potential for new variations of the resource curse in the forest and urban land sectors and the effectiveness of anti-corruption policies in resource sectors are considered in depth. Corruption in oil, gas, mining, fisheries, biofuel, wildlife, forestry and urban land are all covered, and potential solutions discussed.
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Chapter 2: Zero-tolerance to corruption? Norway’s role in petroleum-related corruption internationally

Birthe Eriksen and Tina Søreide

Abstract

The resource curse literature frequently mentions Norway as a rare case of successful governance among oil exporters. Three major prosecuted cases involving bribery of foreign public officials show that international pressure and conventions, as well as a proactive approach among domestic law enforcement, is forcing Norwegian firms to adapt to a new anti-corruption regime. While firms continue to meet extortionate demands for illegal payments, bribery has become far riskier and managers know they can face personal liability. Ongoing evaluation of Norway’s anti-corruption commitments should expand to include an assessment of its foreign policy objectives. Keywords: Norway, petroleum exports, foreign bribery, corruption, law enforcement, illegal payments

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