Corruption, Natural Resources and Development
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Corruption, Natural Resources and Development

From Resource Curse to Political Ecology

Edited by Aled Williams and Philippe Le Billon

This book provides a fresh and extensive discussion of corruption issues in natural resources sectors. Reflecting on recent debates in corruption research and revisiting resource curse challenges in light of political ecology approaches, this volume provides a series of nuanced and policy-relevant case studies analyzing patterns of corruption around natural resources and options to reach anti-corruption goals. The potential for new variations of the resource curse in the forest and urban land sectors and the effectiveness of anti-corruption policies in resource sectors are considered in depth. Corruption in oil, gas, mining, fisheries, biofuel, wildlife, forestry and urban land are all covered, and potential solutions discussed.
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Chapter 9: Strengthening institutions against corruption? Biofuel deals in Ghana

Festus Boamah and Aled Williams

Abstract

Strengthening formal control and oversight institutions is a common policy prescription for addressing corruption in natural resource sectors and escaping from the resource curse. This chapter problematizes this approach, arguing that contested notions of land entitlements provide leeway for powerful local actors to re-invent customs aimed at justifying the appropriation of valuable resources at the expense of weaker groups. In Ghana, where rival institutions jostle for authority to control natural resources, generating desirable outcomes requires more than tightening existing controls or creating new regulations. Keywords: Ghana, biofuel, land tenure, bribes, contested authority, customary practices

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