Corruption, Natural Resources and Development
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Corruption, Natural Resources and Development

From Resource Curse to Political Ecology

Edited by Aled Williams and Philippe Le Billon

This book provides a fresh and extensive discussion of corruption issues in natural resources sectors. Reflecting on recent debates in corruption research and revisiting resource curse challenges in light of political ecology approaches, this volume provides a series of nuanced and policy-relevant case studies analyzing patterns of corruption around natural resources and options to reach anti-corruption goals. The potential for new variations of the resource curse in the forest and urban land sectors and the effectiveness of anti-corruption policies in resource sectors are considered in depth. Corruption in oil, gas, mining, fisheries, biofuel, wildlife, forestry and urban land are all covered, and potential solutions discussed.
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Chapter 10: Forest resources and local elite capture: revisiting a community-based forest management ‘success case’ in Tanzania

Joseph Perfect Mrema

Abstract

Community-based natural resource management is frequently presented as a way to increase local representation in decision-making processes and reduce the risks of corruption. Revisiting a well-known 'success story' of community-based forest management in Tanzania, this chapter reflects on the effects of the capture of such projects by local elites. Despite being designed to conserve dwindling resources, community-based conservation programmes ended-up being captured by patronage and collusive networks. Contrasting with evaluations considering this project a success, these findings point at the importance of longitudinal evaluations sensitive to intra-community power relations. Keywords: Tanzania, community-based forest conservation, elite capture, intra-community power relations, patronage, collusion

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