Handbook of Research on NGOs
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Handbook of Research on NGOs

Edited by Aynsley Kellow and Hannah Murphy-Gregory

This volume provides a critical overview of research on Non-governmental Organisations (NGOs). While it notes that the definition of NGOs is contested, and can include both business and national groups, it focuses primarily on international NGOs engaged with human rights, social and environmental concerns, and aid and development issues. With contributions by Peter Willetts, Tom Davies, Bob Reinalda and other leading scholars, it provides a series of critical essays on both general aspects of NGOs and significant issues of particular concern.
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Chapter 11: NGOs and climate politics

Aynsley Kellow


This chapter discusses provisions for participation by NGOs in the climate change regime, noting that participation has been encouraged, but at some stages restricted. It notes that much research on environmental NGOs (ENGOs) in the climate regime misses some matters of importance, such as their involvement within the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), making it a classic example of an ‘epistemic community’ combining scientific and normative dimensions. Much research also underplays ENGOs acting in concert with economic actors (both states and business), in ‘bootlegger and Baptist’ coalitions; and, while noting the incorporation of ENGOs into the US government in the 1990s, it ignores the contribution this made to the failure of the Kyoto Protocol, through the ‘vertical disintegration of policy’. This raises questions about the effectiveness of ENGOs in implementation that is central to the 2015 Paris Agreement, and of representativeness and accountability.

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