Handbook of Research on NGOs
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Handbook of Research on NGOs

Edited by Aynsley Kellow and Hannah Murphy-Gregory

This volume provides a critical overview of research on Non-governmental Organisations (NGOs). While it notes that the definition of NGOs is contested, and can include both business and national groups, it focuses primarily on international NGOs engaged with human rights, social and environmental concerns, and aid and development issues. With contributions by Peter Willetts, Tom Davies, Bob Reinalda and other leading scholars, it provides a series of critical essays on both general aspects of NGOs and significant issues of particular concern.
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Chapter 17: Going global: French NGOs “without borders”

Johanna Siméant-Germanos


Through the study of the internationalization of four French NGOs, the chapter nuances the somewhat idealistic hypothesis of the flourishing of a global civil society through value diffusion. It also examines what this internationalization owes to the competition for human and financial resources – a process that can lead to important problems in terms of homogenizing practices and organizational cultures. This process is however not a sign of the irrelevance of states as national legislations and cultures keep a strong influence both on these NGOs’ identities and in the reasons for their internationalization, as the more and more intense competition for comparative advantage also results from a remaining state fragmentation.

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