Questions, Methods and Choices
Edited by Catherine Walshe and Sarah Brearley
Chapter 4: Between the institution and the field: research ethics in health and social care
This chapter is designed to supply researchers with a foundation for designing, gaining consent for and implementing ethical practice in applied health research, and includes both conceptual and practical dimensions. It provides a brief historical account of the foundations of modern ethics, including the first international guidelines for ethical research practice enshrined in the Nuremberg Code and the Declaration of Helsinki. The four basic principles of ethical conduct developed by Beauchamp and Childress – beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy and justice – are defined and the basic tenets applied to the ethical conduct of contemporary research.
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