Research Handbook on Work and Well-Being
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Research Handbook on Work and Well-Being

Edited by Ronald J. Burke and Kathryn M. Page

Almost every person works at some point in their lives. The Research Handbook on Work and Well-Being examines the association of particular work experiences with employee and organizational health and performance.
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Chapter 16: A safe workplace environment

Sharon Clarke


In this chapter, the contribution that psychological factors make to occupational accidents is considered, with a focus on safety climate. First, research evidence linking a negative safety climate to unsafe working environments is critically reviewed, and second, the dual mechanisms by which safety climate influences safety outcomes, namely health impairment and motivational pathways, are discussed. The importance of leadership, both constructive and destructive, is highlighted: constructive leadership emerges as critical to the creation and maintenance of a positive safety climate, which protects organizations against accidents and safety incidents. Future research and practical implications are discussed.

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