Family Demography in Asia
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Family Demography in Asia

A Comparative Analysis of Fertility Preferences

Edited by Stuart Gietel-Basten, John Casterline and Minja K. Choe

The demographic future of Asia is a global issue. As the biggest driver of population growth, an understanding of patterns and trends in fertility throughout Asia is critical to understand our shared demographic future. This is the first book to comprehensively and systematically analyse fertility across the continent through the perspective of individuals themselves rather than as a consequence of top-down government policies.
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Chapter 5: Fertility preferences in Cambodia

Gouranga Lal Dasvarma, Hang Lina, Sok Kosal and Nott Rama Rao

Abstract

Fertility preferences in Cambodia are examined with data from Cambodia Demographic and Health Surveys 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014. The chapter contains brief reviews of trends in actual fertility during 1960s to 2014; measures of fertility preference used in Cambodia and extant studies on fertility preference in the country. It examines trends in wanted total fertility rate (WTFR) by age and education of women and men, province, and household wealth quintile. WTFR is lower than actual total fertility rate (TFR), but the gap between the two has narrowed down over time. However, large gaps between WTFR and TFR still exist in some of the provinces. WTFR is found to be a strong predictor of TFR when the provincial TFRs are regressed against provincial WTFRs. The chapter provides policy recommendations to further reduce desired fertility, increase the uptake of effective contraceptives and reduce unmet need for family planning.

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