Research Handbook on the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy
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Research Handbook on the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy

Edited by Steven Blockmans and Panos Koutrakos

In times of rapid change and unpredictability the European Union’s role in the world is sorely tested. How successfully the EU meets challenges such as war, terrorism and climate change, and how effectively the Union taps into opportunities like mobility and technological progress depends to a great extent on the ability of the EU’s institutions and member states to adopt and implement a comprehensive and integrated approach to external action. This Research Handbook examines the law, policy and practice of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy, including the Common Security and Defence, and gauges its interactions with the other external policies of the Union (including trade, development, energy), as well as the evolving political and economic challenges that face the European Union.
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Chapter 11: The nexus between the CCP and the CFSP: achieving foreign policy goals through trade restrictions and market access

Andrea Ott and Guillaume Van der Loo


This chapter will analyse the nexus between the EU’s trade policy and Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). The chapter is structured by highlighting the dichotomy between trade-restrictive and trade-facilitating measures to achieve CFSP aims. This nexus operates against the backdrop of detrimental forces in which the politicization of trade is strengthened through the standardization of EU external relations principles and values, but is limited by the EU’s commitment to the WTO rules prohibiting a politically tainted trade policy. This chapter will first explore the legal and policy dimension of the CCP–CFSP nexus. Then, the trade-restrictive measures are discussed, focusing on the essential elements clauses in international agreements, measures that implement international law obligations, and the EU’s value-based trade agenda. Finally, the trade-facilitating measures are analysed. In particular, the EU’s GSP+ scheme and autonomous trade measures (ATMs) as foreign policy instruments are discussed and compared.

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