Research Handbook on the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy
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Research Handbook on the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy

Edited by Steven Blockmans and Panos Koutrakos

In times of rapid change and unpredictability the European Union’s role in the world is sorely tested. How successfully the EU meets challenges such as war, terrorism and climate change, and how effectively the Union taps into opportunities like mobility and technological progress depends to a great extent on the ability of the EU’s institutions and member states to adopt and implement a comprehensive and integrated approach to external action. This Research Handbook examines the law, policy and practice of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy, including the Common Security and Defence, and gauges its interactions with the other external policies of the Union (including trade, development, energy), as well as the evolving political and economic challenges that face the European Union.
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Chapter 12: EU development cooperation and the CFSP: mutual encroachment?

Morten Broberg


Development cooperation and foreign and security policy are intimately related but in an EU context these policies are placed within different legal and institutional schemes. With regard to development cooperation the reduction/eradication of poverty is a ‘primary objective’ which must be accorded particular weight. In practice, however, security and migration objectives are also attributed considerable weight in the development cooperation policy. This may be explained by the Lisbon Treaty’s streamlining of objectives provided by Article 21 TEU and the creation of the High Representative/the EEAS. Similarly, in the areas of security and migration the EU’s CFSP is used to further objectives that also have a clear development or humanitarian aspect, meaning that the CFSP pursues objectives in principle fall within the development cooperation objectives – both at the general level and when we turn to the implementation of the CFSP. The two policy areas therefore encroach upon one another.

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