Edited by Steven Blockmans and Panos Koutrakos
Chapter 21: The European Union’s foreign policies: an external examination of the capabilities–expectations gap
The European Union was, in part, created to provide the pre-existing European integration project with a more coherent and visible foreign policy dimension. At the end of the Cold War it was argued and assumed, based upon its economic prowess, that ‘Europe’s time’ as a major global power had arrived. The following years indicate that the Union as a foreign policy actor has not met many of the objectives set out for it, nor the hopes and expectations of those who look to it as a foreign policy actor. This chapter seeks to reflect on the Union as a foreign policy actor, and to see how its role and approach have developed and how they may further evolve in the coming years.
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