Handbook of Research on Franchising
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Handbook of Research on Franchising

Edited by Frank Hoy, Rozenn Perrigot and Andrew Terry

Franchising is one of the major engines of business expansion and job creation globally. The Handbook of Research on Franchising offers new insights into entrepreneurial behavior, organizational forms, regulation, internationalization, and other contemporary issues relating to this dynamic business strategy. The Handbook challenges both practitioners and scholars to give attention to the conclusions of scholarly research on this business model. Practitioners can benefit from the results of high quality scientific research, and scholars can find exciting opportunities for contributing to the body of knowledge of a subject that has not received sufficient attention in educational institutions.
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Chapter 20: Retail network organizational design and financial performance

Karine Picot-Coupey, Jean-Laurent Viviani and Paul Amadieu

Abstract

Building on the exploration–exploitation–ambidexterity perspective as a broad theoretical framework, the overall objective of this chapter is to contribute to a better understanding of the impact that different mixes of organizational forms have on performance in a retail setting. Four organizational forms are considered: (1) the plural form; (2) the dual form associating company-owned stores and shop-in-shops; (3) the dual form associating franchised stores and shop-in-shops; and, finally, (4) the combined form associating company-owned stores, franchised stores and shop-in-shops. These organizational design–performance relationships are tested on a sample of 170 French fashion retail networks. The results show that (1) none of the pure or dual forms tended to generate better financial performance than any other; (2) combining company-owned units, franchised units and shop-in-shops tends to generate better financial performance compared to dual and pure forms, up to a certain point.

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