Entrepreneurial Ecosystems and Growth of Women’s Entrepreneurship
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Entrepreneurial Ecosystems and Growth of Women’s Entrepreneurship

A Comparative Analysis

Edited by Tatiana S. Manolova, Candida G. Brush, Linda F. Edelman, Alicia Robb and Friederike Welter

The renowned group of international contributors to this book provide analysis of where and how gender plays a role in the entrepreneurial ecosystem. 11 essays examine how ecosystems influence women entrepreneurs and how women entrepreneurs influence their local ecosystems, both cross-nationally and through in-depth country studies.
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Chapter 9: The Chilean entrepreneurial ecosystem: understanding the gender gap in entrepreneurial activity

José Ernesto Amorós and Vesna Mandakovic


In this chapter we analyse the case of Chile to describe the emergence of the Chilean entrepreneurial “ecosystem boom” under a female entrepreneurship perspective. We explore how institutional factors (programs or policies) differentially shape the individual decision of women (and men) to become entrepreneurs and to create new firms. Using individual level data within Chilean regions over a six-year period, we explore changes and differences in entrepreneurship dynamics (i.e., the propensity to become an entrepreneur) based on gender. We apply multilevel analysis to assess the importance of regional conditions in explaining observed variation in total entrepreneurial activity. Our main result shows pro-entrepreneurship public programs have different impact as a function of entrepreneur gender. Implications about gender-policy design to enhance regional entrepreneurship ecosystem are discussed.

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