Edited by Shirley V. Scott and Charlotte Ku
Chapter 4: The creation of a climate change court or tribunal
One of the innovative tools the United Nations Security Council has used since the Cold War is the establishment of ad hoc international criminal tribunals. This chapter considers whether there is scope for the Council to establish a climate crimes tribunal. Despite growing interest in the concept of climate crimes and the clear authority of the Council to establish such a tribunal, there are inherent difficulties in addressing climate change via international criminal law. The chapter next considers the potential utility of the Council establishing a court that would apply other fields of public international law to address issues such as where the large numbers of people projected to be displaced are to be resettled and/or compliance with climate agreements. The chapter concludes that this tool warrants further careful analysis for its potential to make a constructive contribution to alleviating climate insecurity.
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