Edited by Shirley V. Scott and Charlotte Ku
Chapter 7: Mainstreaming climate change adaptation into peace missions
As peace operations have been increasingly grafted onto a series of problems, it is perhaps not surprising that peacekeepers might now be asked to deal with climate change as well. This chapter reviews some of the roles that peace operations might play in addressing climate change, as well as the limitations therein. In mainstreaming climate change concerns in peace operations there are several specific responses that might be made, reflecting both ‘mitigation’ and ‘adaptation’ strategies; in each case, however, the responses are likely confined to the middle range of responses. Specifically, early warning and preventive deployment actions in peace operations represent a proactive adaptation of existing peacekeeping strategies. Similarly, post-conflict peacebuilding strategies that incorporate climate change concerns also adapt current approaches, albeit in a way that represents less of a departure from the status quo. Nevertheless, such strategies also involve some long-term changes in the host country that might promote a mitigation of environmental degradation through the assumption of sustainable programs. Finally, ‘green’ peacekeeping involves less about changes in the macro-strategies of peace operations and more about how the conduct of the peacekeeping operation itself can limit its environmental footprint.
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