Edited by Shirley V. Scott and Charlotte Ku
The UN Security Council was created by states to provide structure and process for collective response to security threats. Since 1945, the UNSC has had to redefine both the nature of the threat and the form of response. As security threats become more global so have the international responses, which now reach more deeply within states to subnational and private units. New tools employed include peacekeeping, international courts and tribunals, and other subsidiary bodies overseeing sanctions and specific thematic areas. Climate security is a global threat that will require the focus and collective response that only the UNSC can presently provide. It will drive the UNSC to additional focus on human security and require attention to its decision-making process to ensure authority and legitimacy. It will require strong consensus among major powers, including the P5 on an appropriate role and resources.
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