The Sandwich Generation
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The Sandwich Generation

Caring for Oneself and Others at Home and at Work

Edited by Ronald J. Burke and Lisa M. Calvano

Rising life expectancy has led to the growth of the ‘Sandwich Generation’ – men and women who are caregivers to their children of varying ages as well as for one or both parents whilst still managing their own household and work responsibilities. This book considers both the strains and benefits of this position.
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Chapter 6: Caregiving and organizational support

Hannes Zacher, Cort W. Rudolph and Claudia Reinicke


In this chapter, we review, integrate, and discuss research on objective and perceived organizational support for employees with caregiving responsibilities, and associated experiences of work–family conflict, strain, and well-being among these employees. We focus on employees with childcare responsibilities, eldercare responsibilities, or both (the sandwich generation). Organizational support refers to instrumental, socioemotional, or informational help provided by an organization, which often surfaces in the form of specific policies, practices, and procedures. Organizational support may: directly affect employee experiences of work–family conflict, strain, and well-being; buffer the effects of caregiving demands on these experiences; or interact with caregiving demands, individual differences, and/or contextual characteristics in predicting experiences. We conclude by outlining directions for future research and implications for organizational practice. Key words: caregiving, childcare, eldercare, organizational support.

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