A Research Agenda for Women and Entrepreneurship
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A Research Agenda for Women and Entrepreneurship

Identity Through Aspirations, Behaviors and Confidence

Edited by Patricia G. Greene and Candida G. Brush

Elgar Research Agendas outline the future of research in a given area. Leading scholars are given the space to explore their subject in provocative ways, and map out the potential directions of travel. They are relevant but also visionary. The editors map out a vision for research on women and entrepreneurship and using a contextual framework that includes aspiration, behavior and confidence. They delve into issues such as social identity, start-ups, crowdfunding and context to set a new foundation for future research on entrepreneurship and gender.
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Chapter 2: Developing entrepreneurial identity among start-ups’ female founders in high-tech: policy implications from the Chilean case

Katherina Kuschel and Juan-Pablo Labra


By examining female founders participating in the Start-Up Chile acceleration program, this chapter identifies five elements by which female founders in technology ventures build their entrepreneurial identity: (1) low female participation in the technology industry and acceleration programs; (2) inappropriate role models; (3) scarce network; (4) small and trust-based team; and (5) attitude of self-confidence. The authors argue that these elements are unique for the ‘first wave’ of female founders in the Chilean entrepreneurial ecosystem. However, they suggest that a second wave of female entrepreneurs will not benefit from the differentiation element provided by the current minority. Moreover, in the future, there will be more role models and networks that will provide a different set of characteristics for developing the female founder’s entrepreneurial identity. The authors discuss the implications for public policy and suggest future research for this transition.

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