Research Handbook of Diversity and Careers
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Research Handbook of Diversity and Careers

Edited by Adelina M. Broadbridge and Sandra L. Fielden

This unique Research Handbook covers a wide range of issues that affect the careers of those in diverse groups: age, disability, gender, race, religion, sexuality and transgender, as well as appearance. International experts from a variety of backgrounds contribute chapters in their given fields, reviewing current thinking, practices, initiatives and developments within the field, as well as presenting a wide-ranging and holistic coverage of the topic.
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Chapter 20: Gender, employment and careers in Pakistan

Sammar Javed, Jawad Syed and Royce Turner

Abstract

This chapter looks at women’s labour market position in Pakistan, and examines the religio-cultural, economic and legal factors that determine and affect their career progress. The context is a long-established tradition of a lack of female participation in formal, paid employment (though many do work in a vast ‘informal sector’); a clear division in the economic sectors in which men and women are active; and a stark contrast between men and women in the labour market hierarchy. It is noted, however, that economic necessity, technological change and a trend to delay marriages are militating to promote female participation in economic activity, and that women’s empowerment schemes, examined in the chapter, will also contribute to this. Undoubtedly, these factors and interventions will make a difference to many individual women’s lives, but whether they are sufficient to promote wider change in the economic structure remains in question.

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