Edited by Frank Trovato
Chapter 2: Understanding the healthy immigrant effect: evidence from Canada
Physical and mental health variations are examined based on information in three Canadian data sources: the Canadian Community Health Survey, the National Population Health Survey, and the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada. From the mid-1990s to the early 2000s, immigrants who arrived around the start of this period show an increasing trend in self-declared ‘fair or poor health’. A similar trend is observed among the Canadian-born and the total foreign- born population, but the migrant cohort of the mid-1990s had reduced proportions of respondents in fair or poor health. This suggests that while immigrants enjoy an initial health advantage early in their settlement experience, their advantage diminishes with time and increasingly approximates the overall health profile of the general population. Even though new immigrants are less likely to report having a chronic condition, the proportions with these types of health ailments rise notably over time.
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