Migration, Health and Survival
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Migration, Health and Survival

International Perspectives

Edited by Frank Trovato

Publications in this field have, in general, been based predominantly on the experiences of individual national settings. Migration, Health and Survival offers a comparative approach, bringing together leading international scholars to provide original works from the United States, Canada, Australia, France, Germany, England and Wales, Norway, Belgium and Italy.
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Chapter 10: Mortality among migrants and their descendants living in England and Wales

Matthew Wallace

Abstract

Mortality differences among immigrants and their descendants in England and Wales are studied. The analysis involves an assessment of the hypothesis that data errors, particularly under-registration of migrant deaths, lies at the root of the immigrant mortality advantage. Test results suggest that the healthy migrant effect cannot be explained away by data errors, nor does the ‘salmon bias’ effect (that is, return selectivity) account for this mortality differential. The author discusses the accelerated health transition thesis in connection with immigrants from developing countries. Mortality variations by cause of death in first generation migrants and their second generation and beyond descendants are also explored. It is concluded that low mortality among migrants is mainly driven by low cancer mortality, and in some groups low cardiovascular disease mortality. The descendants of immigrants are not observed to share a mortality advantage.

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