Edited by Huiyao Wang and Lu Miao
Chapter 25: Management talent: a critical success factor for China’s globalization
This chapter addresses the widely-held view that China’s globalization is hampered by a management talent shortage. However, the focus tends to be largely on internationally assigned managers, and headquarters managers are largely overlooked, while global leadership competency criteria are predominantly Western-centric despite the wide range of countries hosting Chinese investments and projects. This chapter draws on Western and Chinese leadership theories, a large body of unique survey data, and reports on a number of Chinese international projects to test the talent shortage viewpoint, and survey responses are used as indicators of global leadership competencies, skills, and attributes. Chinese managers were found to be strong in many global leadership competencies, while a China-centric perspective, drawing on cultural values, both reinforced this view and helped to identify similar value-based leadership behaviors found in common with both Western and non-Western countries. As the majority of success and failure causal factors were found to be related to organizational policies and practices, management implications focus on strategic planning, organizational readiness, the strategic use of human resource management, the competencies of headquarters managers, and a range of international human resource management changes or innovations.
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