Chapter 17: Third sector hybrid organisations: two different approaches
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Debates often evolve around central topics and labels that have a conjuncture. For more than a decade, ‘hybrids’ and processes of ‘hybridisation’ have been such a topic. Beyond the sphere of academic research this topic has reached some popularity as a background notion in the debate on social enterprises and social entrepreneurship (The Economist, 2009; European Business Review, 2013). And in this context there has been a move from an earlier conceptual stage to contributions on procedural and organisational questions (see the overview in Doherty et al., 2014). This chapter, however, focuses on conceptual issues. The main reason is that the conceptual debate about hybrids and hybridisation has pushed aside some dimensions of hybridity that could allow for a broader perspective than one in which hybridisation in practical and political terms is narrowed down to issues of social entrepreneurship. It will be argued that there are two very different concepts of hybridity that exist separately, each of them pointing in a different direction for research and practice.

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