Handbook of International Trade and Transportation
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Handbook of International Trade and Transportation

Edited by Bruce A. Blonigen and Wesley W. Wilson

International trade has grown rapidly over the past half century, accommodated by the transportation industry through concomitant growth and technological change. But while the connection between transport and trade flows is clear, the academic literature often looks at these two issues separately. This Handbook is unique in pulling together the key insights of each field while highlighting what we know about their intersection and ideas for future research in this relatively unexamined but growing area of study.
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Chapter 3: International trade data and empirical patterns

Peter H. Egger and Yvonne Wolfmayr

Abstract

This chapter provides an in-depth comparison of a host of aggregate bilateral trade databases which are typically used in quantitative work in international economics. In particular, the chapter documents large differences between the data on the same country pairs and time periods from these different sources. It reveals the most important reasons behind these differences and illustrates that empirical results for the gravity equation as a workhorse model in empirical international economics vary substantially across the various databases, even though the source data come from the same national statistical offices.

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