Handbook of International Trade and Transportation
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Handbook of International Trade and Transportation

Edited by Bruce A. Blonigen and Wesley W. Wilson

International trade has grown rapidly over the past half century, accommodated by the transportation industry through concomitant growth and technological change. But while the connection between transport and trade flows is clear, the academic literature often looks at these two issues separately. This Handbook is unique in pulling together the key insights of each field while highlighting what we know about their intersection and ideas for future research in this relatively unexamined but growing area of study.
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Chapter 9: Environmental issues in international trade and transportation

James J. Corbett and James J. Winebrake


Global and multinational trade across all transportation modes impacts the environment. This chapter explores the environmental issues related to the international transport of goods in trade. International movement of goods continues to have significant environmental consequences, including increase of short-lived and long-lived greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions globally, introduction of invasive species into waterways regionally, and harm to human health through particulate pollution locally. The international community is responding to these problems (arguably more slowly than national regulatory action) and is working to address environmental concerns through a variety of policy instruments, including regulated performance limits or requirements, mandatory reporting and documentation, and/or incentivized performance targets responding to economic signals. This chapter introduces several key environmental issues surrounding international shipping, and discusses policy developments and innovations that may lead to a more sustainable supply chain.

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