Research Handbook on Global Health Law
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Research Handbook on Global Health Law

Edited by Gian Luca Burci and Brigit Toebes

The effect of Globalization on health has attracted the attention of scholars and policy makers across multiple disciplines. A key concern is the regulation of international health protection, and in particular the use of international health instruments and the complex interaction between international law and health considerations. For the first time, a group of law and policy scholars have analysed these issues, drawing on knowledge from their respective fields. The resulting book provides comprehensive coverage of contemporary issues in global health law and governance.
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Chapter 11: The recognition and evolution of the HIV and human rights interface: 1981–2017

Daniel Tarantola and Sofia Gruskin


The emergence of HIV in the 1980s shed light on the links between health and human rights. Over the last 36 years, evolving understanding of the apparent manifestations and root causes of the pandemic exposed the pivotal role that denial or violation of human rights played in restricting peoples access and use of prevention and care services, and likewise how attention to the promotion and protection of human rights in local, national and global responses upholds the dignity of people most exposed to or living with HIV, and supports their access to life-saving information and other protective and treatment interventions. With attention to human rights law and specific governmental obligations, this chapter traces this history and current implications for advocacy, programming and accountability in the context of HIV and other significant public health crises including sexual and reproductive health, tuberculosis, and malaria.

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