Handbook on Gender and Social Policy
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Handbook on Gender and Social Policy

Edited by Sheila Shaver

Providing a state of the art overview, this comprehensive Handbook is an essential introduction to the subject of Gender and Social Policy. Bringing together original contributions and research from leading researchers it covers the theoretical perspectives of the field, the central policy terrain of gender inequalities of income, employment and care, and family policy. Examining gender and social policy at both the regional and national level, the Handbook is an excellent resource for advanced students and scholars of sociology, political science, women’s studies, policy studies as well as practitioners seeking to understand how gender shapes the contours of social policy and politics.
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Chapter 2: Gender, social policy and the idea of the welfare state

Anna Yeatman

Abstract

Social policy presupposes the historical project of the welfare state so this must be true also of ‘gender and social policy’. The argument for the welfare state is guided by a political philosophy. T.H. Marshall’s famous ‘Citizenship and social class’ offers an unrivalled clarification of this political philosophy which takes its normative point of departure from what he calls ‘the status of freedom’; the welfare state is a socialist elaboration of the republican form of institutional design where the state and the rule of law is the guarantor of the status of freedom. Market liberal institutional design is the adversary of welfare republicanism; it rejects the idea of the status of freedom. Feminist critics of Marshall have failed to appreciate the nature and significance of this core idea of the welfare state; they do not ask how their own normative position aligns (or not) with the idea of the status of freedom, and they fail to recognize what is at stake in the contest between socialist republican and neoliberal conceptions of institutional design.

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