Edited by Sheila Shaver
Chapter 21: Norway: the evolution of a Nordic earner–carer model
The emerging earner–carer models of the Nordic welfare states, aimed at the equal engagement of mothers and fathers in paid and unpaid work, have gained extensive attention and been an exemplar in much policy debate. However, these earner–carer models have emerged through complex processes over several decades, and this chapter investigates the evolution of the Norwegian variety of the models. What makes this model particularly notable is that it has been categorized as a hybrid, combining dual-earner support with traditional breadwinner elements, by some scholars seen as part of a more general divergence from the Scandinavian model of gender and welfare. The main question addressed is how manifestations of this hybridity have changed over time, and whether it continues to be a defining model feature. To shed light on this process, main family policy reforms since the mid-1970s are traced: paid parental leave, childcare services and cash for childcare benefits. The emphasis is on positions taken by political parties and ideas activated in reform initiatives, as reflected in policy documents. Side glances to other Nordic countries locate particularities of the Norwegian path.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.