Handbook on Gender and Social Policy
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Handbook on Gender and Social Policy

Edited by Sheila Shaver

Providing a state of the art overview, this comprehensive Handbook is an essential introduction to the subject of Gender and Social Policy. Bringing together original contributions and research from leading researchers it covers the theoretical perspectives of the field, the central policy terrain of gender inequalities of income, employment and care, and family policy. Examining gender and social policy at both the regional and national level, the Handbook is an excellent resource for advanced students and scholars of sociology, political science, women’s studies, policy studies as well as practitioners seeking to understand how gender shapes the contours of social policy and politics.
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Chapter 23: A long decade of gendering social policy in Latin America: transformativesteps and inequality traps

Camila Arza, Juliana Martínez Franzoni and Karen R. Fisher

Abstract

Did recent social policy expansion entail positive changes for women and for gender equality in Latin America? This chapter argues that, overall, this expansion brought good news for women’s visibility as subjects of policy but a more mixed record in whether state programmes reinforced or contributed to alter gender inequality in the region. On the one hand, policy developments increased the proportion of women with their own incomes, improved women’s access to old-age benefits in their own right and timidly moved towards a reorganization of care beyond families and unpaid female, motherly work. Together with larger labour market participation, these developments have had a positive transformative effect on women’s lives. On the other hand, the scope and quality of benefits that matter for women and for gender equality are often limited, and social policy still leaves much to markets, families and the male-breadwinner model. This in some cases reinforces women’s role as mothers and exclusive caregivers, and in general limits the transformative potential of policy developments to close gender and social gaps. Altogether, the gendering of social policy creates a whole new agenda to confront and redress these persistent gender and social inequality traps.

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