Edited by Sangeeta Khorana and María García
Chapter 20: Singapore Issues
The institutional architecture governing international commercial relations is incomplete. The World Trade Organization’s (WTO) reach is limited relative to, for example, preferential trade agreements such as the European Union. The European Union, among others, has had an interest in filling in a number of perceived gaps in the institutional architecture. Four of these issues have commonly become known as the Singapore Issues since they were specifically included in the WTO agenda for future work in the Ministerial Declaration from the Ministerial meeting held in Singapore in 1996. The Singapore Issues are: (1) investment; (2) competition; (3) government procurement; and (4) trade facilitation. This chapter reviews why these issues are important in international commerce and the progress that has been made for each of them.
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