Handbook of Migration and Globalisation
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Handbook of Migration and Globalisation

Edited by Anna Triandafyllidou

This Handbook explores the multifaceted linkages between two of the most important socioeconomic phenomena of our time: globalisation and migration. Both are on the rise, increasing in size and scope worldwide, and this Handbook offers the necessary background knowledge and tools to understand how population flows shape, and are shaped by, economic and cultural globalisation.
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Chapter 13: Diaspora engagement and return migration policies

Sarah Dickerson and Caglar Ozden

Abstract

This chapter outlines the economic and social implications of diaspora externalities and return migration, with a specific focus on origin country policies to enhance potential benefits. Examples of diaspora externalities include increased integration to the global economy through trade, finance and other economic linkages as well as knowledge and capital transfers. Providing an overview of the extensive literature on the presence and size of such spillover channels and benefits, the chapter presents a systematic analysis of the design and effectiveness of government policies to engage their diasporas, especially highly skilled members. The chapter reviews the most prominent examples of these programmes, especially the specific economic incentives they provide, filling a gap in the literature. Successful programmes are designed with clear and specific objectives, budgets and target groups: they aim to fill gaps in the labour market and attract beneficiaries who will remain in the country after the programme benefits expire. They have built-in evaluation mechanisms and minimum durations.

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