Edited by Stephen C. McCaffrey, Christina Leb and Riley T. Denoon
Chapter 24: Central Asia: the Aral Sea basin
The Aral Sea basin and its riparian countries – Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan – are faced with growing and competing water demands, decreasing availability and degradation of their water resources, exacerbated by the impacts of climate change. In addition to political will and technical knowledge, sound legal and institutional frameworks are among the essential tools in dealing with these challenges. The existence of treaties and regional institutions is a significant achievement, placing the Aral Sea basin ahead of most other transboundary basins of the world where neither treaties nor river basin organisations exist. But these treaties and institutions should be further strengthened to ensure the sustainable management of the resource and the peaceful change in its regulation when circumstances and needs demand.
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