Research Handbook on International Water Law
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Research Handbook on International Water Law

Edited by Stephen C. McCaffrey, Christina Leb and Riley T. Denoon

The Research Handbook on International Water Law surveys the field of the law of shared freshwater resources. In some thirty chapters, it covers subjects ranging from the general principles operative in the field and international groundwater law to the human right to water and whether international water law is prepared to cope with climate disruption. The authors are internationally recognized experts in the field, most with years of experience. The Research Handbook is edited by three scholars and practitioners whose publications and work deal with the law of international watercourses.
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Chapter 28: A panoptic view of international water law in Latin America

Lilian del Castillo Laborde


From the 19th century onwards, Latin American countries adopted a number of multilateral and bilateral instruments dealing with the uses and management of internationally shared water courses, building a customary and conventional body of principles which should govern the uses of international rivers. These comprise the principles of no-harm and consensus for water uses as well as the principles of equitable and reasonable utilization, information and negotiation together with the responsibility for water pollution. This chapter makes a comprehensive review of these instruments, analysing the initiatives of the Organization of American States (OAS), the adoption of multilateral agreements regarding the Amazon and La Plata River basins, the bilateral treaties binding, e.g., the USA and Mexico, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, Ecuador and Peru, Argentina and Chile, Brazil and Uruguay, addressing both surface waters and aquifers. It also addresses disputes over their implementation and relevant case law of the International Court of Justice adjudicating Latin American freshwater disputes.

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