Handbook of Social Policy and Development
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Handbook of Social Policy and Development

Edited by James Midgley, Rebecca Surender and Laura Alfers

The Handbook of Social Policy and Development makes a groundbreaking, coherent case for enhancing collaboration between social policy and development. With wide ranging chapters, it discusses a myriad of ways in which this can be done, exploring both academic and practical activities. As the conventional distinction between ‘developed’ and ‘developing’ countries becomes increasingly blurred, this Handbook explores how collaboration between social policy and development is needed to meet global social needs.
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Chapter 2: The social policy nexus and development: convergence, divergence and dynamic change

Rebecca Surender

Abstract

Despite rising interest in the significance of social policy and the importance of social protection for the management of welfare and risk in the developing world, there has been little corresponding agreement about the utility of social policy as an academic field for developing contexts; especially, the extent to which the analytic frameworks of social policy, established in the industrialized West, are transportable to a developing country context. This chapter outlines the discourse about the desirability and feasibility of social policy in low income countries and examines the extent to which some of the key actors, institutions and ideas involved in shaping social policy in the Global South vary from those in the North. The discussion focuses on three current issues – the emergence of new philanthropic donors, the expansion of the developmental state model, and the surfacing of the notion of social rights and social citizenship _ and suggests that there is evidence of both continued divergence but also new convergence across the actors, institutions and ideas in both hemispheres. The chapter cautions, however, that growing heterogeneity within the developing world and the dynamic pace of change means a linear trajectory or ‘catch-up logic’ with the West remains questionable.

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