Challenges and Opportunities
Edited by K. N. Ninan and Makoto Inoue
Chapter 6: Climate resilience and sustainable development: challenges and options for small island developing states
Small island developing states (SIDS) are most vulnerable to climate change. It is due to the insistence of SIDS that the Paris Climate Agreement concluded in December 2015 also set a desirable target of limiting temperature rises to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels. This chapter discusses the economic, social and environmental challenges and options for SIDS to address the risks posed by climate change, especially rising sea levels, extreme weather events, and degradation of marine ecosystems, with their consequent impacts on lives and livelihoods in the SIDS. Mitigation and adaptation measures, improving the sustainability of marine ecosystems and marine fisheries, disaster risk reduction and community-based approaches to development are critical to enhance climate resilience and sustainable development in SIDS.
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