Building a Climate Resilient Economy and Society
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Building a Climate Resilient Economy and Society

Challenges and Opportunities

Edited by K. N. Ninan and Makoto Inoue

Climate change will have a profound impact on human and natural systems, and will also impede economic growth and sustainable development. In this book, leading experts from around the world discuss the challenges and opportunities in building a climate resilient economy and society. The chapters are organised in three sections. The first part explores vulnerability, adaptation and resilience, whilst Part II examines climate resilience-sectoral perspectives covering different sectors such as agriculture, fisheries, marine ecosystems, cities and urban infrastructure, drought prone areas, and renewable energy. In the final part, the authors look at Incentives, institutions and policy, including topics such as carbon pricing, REDD plus, climate finance, the role of institutions and communities, and climate policies. Combining a global focus with detailed case studies of a cross section of regions, countries and sectors, this book will prove to be an invaluable resource.
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Chapter 8: Global warming and changes in marine ecosystems: economic consequences and adjustment issues

Clem Tisdell

Abstract

Rising sea levels, pollution, and increasing stresses on marine species and areas are major challenges confronting marine ecosystems as a result of climate change. In this chapter the author reviews the major changes in marine environments which natural scientists expect to occur because of elevated levels of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere and considers their general implications for the presence of living organisms and supply of marine ecoservices. The chapter then focuses attention on the insights obtained from a Norwegian investigation of the economic impacts of GHG-induced changes in marine ecosystems. Thereafter GHG-induced losses of coral reefs and their potential economic impacts are discussed. Proposed policies for responding to predicted changes in marine ecosystems are examined, followed by a discussion of building resilience in the context of marine ecosystems.

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