Building a Climate Resilient Economy and Society
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Building a Climate Resilient Economy and Society

Challenges and Opportunities

Edited by K. N. Ninan and Makoto Inoue

Climate change will have a profound impact on human and natural systems, and will also impede economic growth and sustainable development. In this book, leading experts from around the world discuss the challenges and opportunities in building a climate resilient economy and society. The chapters are organised in three sections. The first part explores vulnerability, adaptation and resilience, whilst Part II examines climate resilience-sectoral perspectives covering different sectors such as agriculture, fisheries, marine ecosystems, cities and urban infrastructure, drought prone areas, and renewable energy. In the final part, the authors look at Incentives, institutions and policy, including topics such as carbon pricing, REDD plus, climate finance, the role of institutions and communities, and climate policies. Combining a global focus with detailed case studies of a cross section of regions, countries and sectors, this book will prove to be an invaluable resource.
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Chapter 11: Building urban climate resilience in Vietnam and Bangladesh

Craig Johnson, Iftekharul Haque, Yvonne Su and Kristy May

Abstract

Urban areas will face increased risks as a result of climate change such as heat stress, storms and extreme precipitation, inland and coastal flooding, air pollution, water scarcity, sea-level rise, storm surges, and so on. By the year 2050 about 66% of the world’s population will reside in urban areas; much of the projected increase will take place in Asia and Africa. Recent studies confirm that the impacts of climate change are already being seen and felt in major Asian cities. To combat the impacts of climate change, Asian city governance needs to mainstream climate change resilient policies into urban planning. This chapter explores the challenge of enhancing climate resilience in two of the world’s most vulnerable coastal city regions – Dhaka, Bangladesh and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The chapter reviews the policies and governance structures of these cities, comparing the extent to which national and municipal governments could implement measures aimed at building climate resilience at the urban scale.

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