Building a Climate Resilient Economy and Society
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Building a Climate Resilient Economy and Society

Challenges and Opportunities

Edited by K. N. Ninan and Makoto Inoue

Climate change will have a profound impact on human and natural systems, and will also impede economic growth and sustainable development. In this book, leading experts from around the world discuss the challenges and opportunities in building a climate resilient economy and society. The chapters are organised in three sections. The first part explores vulnerability, adaptation and resilience, whilst Part II examines climate resilience-sectoral perspectives covering different sectors such as agriculture, fisheries, marine ecosystems, cities and urban infrastructure, drought prone areas, and renewable energy. In the final part, the authors look at Incentives, institutions and policy, including topics such as carbon pricing, REDD plus, climate finance, the role of institutions and communities, and climate policies. Combining a global focus with detailed case studies of a cross section of regions, countries and sectors, this book will prove to be an invaluable resource.
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Chapter 16: Do climate policies hurt the economy? Lessons from the EU experience

Carlo Carraro and Marinella Davide


The European Union (EU) has a consolidated climate and energy policy, which has played a pioneering role by adopting a wide range of emission reduction measures. However, it is often claimed that these measures have a negative effect on the economy, especially in terms of growth and competitiveness. This chapter reviews the recent literature on the European experience to understand if these concerns are true. The authors’ analysis primarily focuses on studies assessing major economic indicators, such as costs, competitiveness, carbon leakage and income distribution, with the objective of highlighting both the limits and the opportunities of the EU’s regulatory framework, as well as its potential for reconciliation with socio-economic objectives.

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