Origins of Organizing
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Origins of Organizing

Edited by Tuomo Peltonen, Hugo Gaggiotti and Peter Case

The origins of organizing are conventionally seen as emerging from the historiographical works of Western social scientists in the early 20th century. Here, the authors address a gap in current literature by exploring previously unrecognized or marginalized global origins in both modern and ancient history.
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Chapter 6: A Daoist epistemology for understanding an alternative origin of organizing

Wenjin Dai

Abstract

According to Dai, Classical Chinese philosophy and, in particular, Daoism can act as a source to enable scholars of management and organization studies (MOS) to develop an alternative origin of organizing and organizational theorizing that differs significantly from the mainstream. In her pursuit of this argument, Dai traces the historical emergence of constructions of an East/West divide, pointing out that differences originating in physical geography are now transcended by those of worldview. There are broad tendencies in the MOS literature to both simplify differences between East and West and to romanticize Chinese thought. As Dai poetically puts it, ‘a splash of “Daoism” or a pinch of “Confucianism” adds oomph and an enticing “oriental” flavour’. She is highly critical of Hofstede-style studies that caricature ‘Chinese values’ and also finds fault in what she sees as Robert Chia’s essentialist rendering of Chinese thought. Drawing inspiration from the work of the Chinese classics scholar, Francois Jullien, she argues that interested MOS scholars would do well to develop closer readings of the philosophical positions represented in Confucian and Daoist literatures.

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