Edited by Ross Dowling and David Newsome
Chapter 28: Geotourism in Batur UNESCO Global Geopark, Indonesia
Batur Geopark is the first established UNESCO Global Geopark in Indonesia and is located in the Batur volcanic area in Bali Island. It has a double caldera and is considered to be one of the finest caldera landscapes in the world. Bali itself is already famous as a world tourist destination for its natural and cultural attractions, but Batur Volcano stands out in regard to its unique geological landforms and is rich in Balinese Hinduism culture. The close relationship between people around Batur Volcano with this active volcano has been traced back since Hindu Balinese lived around the volcano in 1465. Associated cultural beliefs are still practiced today and have not changed since. These create unique characteristics for geotourism development in the park. Batur Geopark has three geotrails, which have been developed to facilitate visits to geosites for educational and tourism purposes. Two geotrails have volcanic geological aspects, and the other is of cultural interest. Geotourism in Bali is supported by 715 local guides who are required to explain geo-volcanology, landscape, and Balinese culture to geopark visitors. Following the Geopark’s motto ‘celebrating Earth’s heritage, sustaining local communities, geotourism in Batur Geopark is fostering the promotion of new jobs in tourism sector and involving local communities in the preservation of natural environment and traditional culture.
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