Handbook of Contemporary Education Economics
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Handbook of Contemporary Education Economics

Edited by Geraint Johnes, Jill Johnes, Tommaso Agasisti and Laura López-Torres

This Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the modern economics of education literature, bringing together a series of original contributions by globally renowned experts in their fields. Covering a wide variety of topics, each chapter assesses the most recent research with an emphasis on skills, evaluation and data analytics.
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Chapter 5: Inequality and education: education as a cure for disadvantage

Kristof De Witte and Florian Tomini


This chapter discusses the implications of inequalities in education and the role of education as a cure for disadvantages. We show that countries with the highest regional Gini coefficient are the countries with the lowest average participation rates of four-year-old children, and the Gini coefficient correlates negatively with the percentage of population in education. Next, we discuss some measures and interventions used to tackle inequalities. We focus both on early childhood education and care, and specific interventions in primary and secondary education. In particular, we discuss the influence of peer effects, early tracking and smaller classes.

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