Comparative Policing from a Legal Perspective
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Comparative Policing from a Legal Perspective

Edited by Monica den Boer

Public police forces are a regular phenomenon in most jurisdictions around the world, yet their highly divergent legal context draws surprisingly little attention. Bringing together a wide range of police experts from all around the world, this book provides an overview of traditional and emerging fields of public policing, New material and findings are presented with an international-comparative perspective, it is a must-read for students of policing, security and law and professionals in related fields.
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Chapter 3: An international comparison of police systems in a legal context

Rob Mawby

Abstract

Seeking to integrate the separate traditions of legal scholars and policing academics the author of this chapter builds on former work by comparing the separate legal and policing systems in the context of their political and societal evolution. Five legal systems identified by legal researchers are linked with seven policing systems distinguished by policing researchers. Referring to the notions of organizational mimesis and policy transfer between national jurisdictions, a distinction is drawn between indigenous legal traditions; religious-based legal traditions, most notably the Islamic tradition; the common law legal tradition; the civil law legal tradition; and a communist legal tradition. This typology is mapped onto different policing systems - including pre-industrial policing and Anglo-American policing - that are systematically analysed from the perspective of legitimacy, structure and function. While recognizing that comparative policing research is now well-established, the author advocates a nuanced approach to convergence and standardization between policing systems across the globe.

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